Bulgarian Aviation Academy offers a course from Zero to ATPL (A) for those who have decided to become a pilot and are willing to pursue a career in the field of civil aviation but have no previous flight experience.
The Airline Transport Pilot License is the highest level of aircraft pilot certificate and allows to work as a pilot of a big passenger, cargo or business jet for an airline company is Europe or following an appropriate conversion course to fly worldwide.
- minimum age for starting training is 17 (license qualification with age of 21)
- valid EASA 1st Class Medical Certificate
- English language proficiency: ICAO level 4 (can be obtained during the studies)
- Sufficient level of knowledge of Mathematics and Physics
Course consists of stages:
- Private pilot license (PPL) – is a first step in the aviation acreer. Holder of PPL can act as a Pilot in command (PIC) or co-pilot unless not engaged in commercial flights. PPL module consists of 100 hours of theoretical course and 45 hours of flight time;
- Time building. In order to meet requirements of particular modules student should enhance his/her experience and build more flight hours. Time building is usually done after issuing of PPL and requires to build 105 hours;
- PPL (A) Night Rating (NR) – allows pilots to fly during night time in Visual Meteorological Conditions.
- ATPL (A) Theory which consist of 650 hours of theoretical course
- Single engine instrument rating (IR). IR qualification is obtained to be allowed to fly under the Instrument Flight Rules (IFR)
- Multi Engine Piston qualification (MEP) consists of 7 hours of theoretical course and 6 hours of flight time;
- IR/ME – Multi Engine Instrument Rating consists of 55 hours of practical training including at least 15 hours on MEP;
- Commercial pilot licence (CPL) – permits the holder to act as the pilot of an airplane for remuneration. CPL module consists of 15 hours of practical training including 5 hours on MEP and 10 on SEP.
During the Zero to ATPL course, the trainee will complete theoretical courses for PPL(A), IR(A), MEP(A) and ATPL 650(A). The full-time theory course as well as the examinations are structured into the following 13 subjects:
- Air Law
- Aircraft General Knowledge
- Mass and Balance
- Flight Planning
- Human Performance & limitations
- General Navigation
- Radio Navigation
- Operational Procedures
- Radio Communication
The flight training will start with the PPL(A) followed by Night Rating, continues with IR(A) and MEP(A), and finalizes with the CPL(A). At the end of the training, the trainee must have a minimum of 200 total flight hours (including PPL(A) time):
- 100 hours as pilot-in-command
- 20 hours (minimum) of VFR cross-country flight time as pilot-in-command, including a cross-country flight totaling at least 540 km (300 NM) in the course of with full-stop landings at two aerodromes different from the aerodromes of departure
- 50 hours of instrument training
- 5 hours of night flying including one cross-country flight and 5 solo take-offs and 5 landings
- 11 hours on Multi Engine aircraft
- 5 hours on a complex airplane
Obtaining all above mentioned licenses usually takes aout 2 years of a non stop studies. If you are planning to perform the course as a part time while working full time, you should prepare to spend approximately 3 years.
Tests and Examinations — summary
In summary to qualify for the issue of a ATPL (A) frozen the candidate will need to have passed the following requirements:
- Hold a valid EASA 1st Class Medical Certificate
- Passed English language proficiency: ICAO level 4
- Obtained CPL and IR licence
- Passed 14 ATPL theoretical exams
Zero to ATPL(A) frozen includes following modules:
- PPL(A): 100 hours of theoretical course and 45 hours of flight time;
- ATPL(A): 650 hours of theoretical course;
- Hour Building: 74 hours;
- VFRN: 5 hours of theoretical course and 5 hours of flight time;
- MEP(L): 7 hours of theoretical course and 6 hours of flight time;
- IR/ME: 55 hours of practical training including at least 15 hours on MEP;
- CPL(A): 15 hours of practical training including 5 hours on MEP and 10 on SEP.
!!! ATPL(A) theoretical course must be accomplished before starting ME/IR and CPL(A) practical training.